Gurdwara Gau Ghat, Patna


Gurdwara Gau Ghat or Gurdwara Pahila Bara is a historical sikh shrine situated at alamganj Mohalla in patna.

This was Bhagat Jaitamal's house.

Once Guru Nanak Dev Ji visited this place, Bhagat Jetamal ji was 350 years old. Bhagat Jetamal ji requested Guru Ji to get freedom (mukti) from this world. Guru ji said Bhagat ji you have to live and enjoy the world for more time. Again I would come in the appearance (form) of Guru Teg Bahadur ji and would make you free from the world. Till then you just worship and I would request Ganga ji to give you bath at your place daily. Guru Nanak Dev ji asked him to make a Kund (pond) there to take the bath and said Ganga ji would give you bath there in the appearance (form) of Gau (Cow).

Then he continued worshiping and kept on waiting for his freedom.

Guru Teg Bahadur Ji with his family and some selected followers started journey towards east. Guru Teg Bahadur ji with his family and sangat reached Bhagat Jetatmal ji’s village and called him & knocked his door. But all the doors of his house were closed because neighbouring children were making a noise at his home which placed hindrance in his worship. One window of that house was open from where Sanagt called Bhagat ji Maharaj, Guru Ji has arrived, please open the door. Bhagat ji replied if Guru ji has arrived then he can come in without opening the door.

Hearing that Guru ji with his family and Sangat ride on the horse and went inside through the open window in incredible way. He tied his horse with the rope and seated on the Guru Nanak Dev ji’s place.

Bhagat Jetamal ji saw Guru Nanak Dev ji in the form of Guru Teg Bahadur ji. Seeing Him Bhagat Jetamal ji got freedom from mortal world according to the spritual words of Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

After last ritual of Bhagat Jetamal ji, Guru Teg Bahadur ji started to rebuild that old house. When house was being constructed, Emperor Aurangzeb ordered King Bishan Singh to leave for the Asaam. King Bishan Singh sought Guru Teg Bahadur ji’s help.

King Bishan Singh requested Guru Teg Bahadur ji to go to Asaam with him. King Bishan Singh said I need your help.

Guru ji accepted his request and said after completion of this house I would accompany you. Guru Ji asked labors to construct the house as early as possible. Guru Ji said I have to go Asaam with King Bishan Singh. He needs my help. Labours replied Guru ji the thumbs you had brought to fix below the roof are short, arrange us another long thumbs so that we could complete the construction in time.

Next day Guru ji said to the labours that Thumbs are not short. When labours tried to fix the thumb then thumbs turned long and when put again on the earth thumbs became short. Labours were amazed to see that. Guru ji asked the labours to leave that construction incomplete and said that a time would come when Sikh Sangat would itself complete this construction.

The following things are preserved here:

- Old Thumbs
- Rabeck of Bhai Mardana ji
- Window of Jetamal’s house
- Grind stone (Chakki) of Mata Gujri ji
- Tree, where Guru Tegh Bahadur ji tied his horse.
- Thara Saheb, a place where Guru Tegh Bahadur ji used to sit

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