Takhat Sri Patna Sahib


Patna city has the unique distinction of being honoured by the holy presence of the Buddha, Guru Nanak and Guru Tegh Bahadur. Besides, it is also the birthplace of Sri Guru Gobind Singh.

He was born here on December 22, 1666. There stands, at the sacred place a magnificent holy shrine, called Takhat Sri Harmandir Sahib. It is situated in one of the old quarters of Patna city, once known as Kucha Farrukh Khan, now known as Harmandir Gali. It is regarded as one of the holiest of five Takhats.

In fact the new order Khalsa Panth was set up by the tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh with emphasis on unity and integration. He baptised Panj Pyaras on Baisakhi day at Anandpur Sahib in 1699 and founded the Khalsa Panth. The Panj Pyaras represented the different segments of society. Thus the tenth Guru created Khalsa Panth for the protection of the downtrodden and deprived sections of people.

The site where the present Harmandir stands was originally called the haveli of Salis Rai John, who was a great devotee of Guru Nanak. He was so much influenced by the teachings of the Guru that he converted his palatial house into a dharamsala. When Guru Tegh Bahadur visited Patna, he stayed in the same place. A magnificent house was built above the dharamsala of Salis Rai.Mullah Ahmed Bukhari,the author of Mirat-ul-Ahwal Jahan Nama, who stayed at Patna for some time at the close of 18th century, has made a reference to Harmandir. He writes, \"Over the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh, the Sikhs have raised a public edifice, made it a place of power and strength, and call it 'Harmandir'. It is also called 'Sangat' and is held in great esteem and veneration. They have made it a place of pilgrimage. Maharaja Ranjit Singh started the work of reconstructing the Harmandir in 1839 following destruction by fire, but did not survive to see the new structure. Again in 1934, when the entire Bihar was rocked by an earthquake some portion of Harmandir fell down. Construction of the present building was taken up on November 19, 1954 and was completed in about three years.

The following worth seeing historical relics/articles are preserved at Takhat Patna Sahib.

1. "Sri Guru Granth Sahib" called Bare Saheb containing signature of Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji.

2. "Chhabi Saheb" oil painted very big picture of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji Maharaj of his young age.

3. "Panghura Saheb" a small cradle with four stands covered with gold plates on which Sri Guru Gobind Singhji used to sit or sleep, when he was a boy.

4. A small "Saif" (Sword) of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji.

5. Four iron "Arrows" of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji.

6. One earthen round "Goli" of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji.

7. One small iron "Chakri" of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji.

8. One small iron "Khanda" of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji.

9. One small iron "Baghnakh-khanjer" of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji.

10. One wooden "Comb" of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji.

11. Two iron "Chaker" of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji.

12. One pair "Sandal" made of elephant teeth of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji of his boyhood.

13. One pair "Sandal" made of sandalwood of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadurji Maharaj.

14. Three wooden spinning instruments of Sri Kabir Saheb.

15. One book containing "Hukumnamas" of Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur ji and Sri Guru Gobind Singhji and their pictures, writings etc.

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