Gurdwara Janam Asthan


Gurdwara Janam Asthaan is associated with the Guru Nanak Dev ji. Guru Nanak Dev ji was born at this place. This shrine is representing the home of father Mehta Kalyan Dass and mother Mata Tripta of Guru Nanak Dev ji.

A room was first built here by Guru Nanak's son, Baba Lakhmi Das, but it was more probably constructed by his grandson, Baba Dharam Chand. The one room structure was known as 'Kalu ka Kotha', literally 'house of (Mahita) Kalu', father of Guru Nanak. Later it came to be known as 'Nanakayan', literally 'home of (Guru) Nanak'.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh constructed the present building.

Born on the April 15, 1469 Nanak was named after his elder sister Nanaki.

The old name of town was Talvandi Rai Bhoe Ki or 'Talvandi of Rai Bhoe', a Muslim Rajput of the Bhatti clan and a retainer of the Delhi rulers of the early fifteenth century. His descendant, Rai Bular, the chief of Talvandi, was a contemporary of Guru Nanak.

With the partition of the Indian subcontinent in 1947 and the migration of Sikh population from the Western part of the Punjab, Pakistan, the management of all Sikh Gurdwaras in the newly created State, including those at Nankana Sahib, passed to the Waqf Board. The Government of Pakistan later allowed 15 Sikhs to stay in Nankana Sahib to perform the daily services in the shrines. In 1968 the number was reduced to 5.

In 1980's only a Granthi and a few Sindhi Sikhs stayed at Gurdwara Janam Asthan.

The traditional fair, held here every-year to celebrate the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev ji.

Thrice a year, on Baisakhi (April), Death Anniversary of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (June) and Birth Anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev (November), the Pakistan government allows Sikh jathas, to visit this and other shrines at Nankana Sahib.

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