Bhai Gurdas


Bhai Gurdas was staying at Goindwal during his last days. He had been preaching Sikhism since the times of Guru Amar Dass.

Bhai Gurdass was a great scholar of Sanskrit, Hindi, Punjabi, Brij Bhasha and Persian.

During his life he travelled very extensively for the preaching of Sikhism. He did a lot of work under the supervision of Guru Amar Dass, Guru Ram Dass, Guru Arjan Dev and Guru Hargobind at various places.

He was the first writer of the first volume of Guru Granth Sahib. Guru Arjan Dev dictated him and he wrote it in Gurmukhi script.

He was also a great poet who wrote a lot of poetry, but when Guru Arjan Dev expressed his desire to include his compositions in the Guru Granth Sahib, he humbly declined that the disciple could not equate with the Guru.

Since Bhai Gurdas's poetry illustrates and elucidates Sikh doctrines, Guru Arjan Dev honoured it by calling it as the key to Guru Granth Sahib. His poetry comprised forty metaphysical verses called Vaars 675 poems in Brij Bhasha and some Shalokas in Sanskrit.

When King Akbar thought to popularize a new religion named as ‘Deen-E-Illahi' he invited scholars of different religions.

Bhai Gurdas was a representative of the Sikhs. He elucidated the Sikh principles with such an authority that representatives of other religions were mesmerized.

To diminish the influence of Pandits and to preach the doctrine of Sikhsim, he visited Banaras and stayed there for more than a year. There he appointed some Sikhs as preachers and returned back.

In the year 1606, Guru Hargobind accompanied by Bhai Gurdas and Baba Budha laid the foundation stone of Akal Takhat, the supreme temporal seat of the Sikhs.

Bhai Gurdas and Baba Budha devotedly performed and supervised the construction of Shri Akal Takhat.

Guru Hargobind appointed Bhai Gurdas as the first Jathedar of Akal Takhat.

When Guru Hargobind Sahib was sitting on the Akal Takhat to settle the cases of the Sikhs, Bhai Gurdas accompanied him. The Guru was deciding the judgement with the concurrence of Bhai Gurdas.

When Bhai Gurdas perceived that his hour of death was near, he sent a message to Guru Hargobind Sahib.

When the Guru received the information he at once rushed to Goindwal.

When Bhai Gurdas found the Guru near him, he felt very happy.

The Guru asked the Sikhs to recite the holy hymns and himself sat near Bhai Gurdas.

He pressed the head and hands of Bhai Gurdas saw towards the Guru and said, 'I am now going to leave this world. Please advise the Sikhs that when I breathe last, they should recite the Name of God. After performing my last rites no memorial or tomb should be constructed. My residual bones and ashes should be immersed into the river Beas.'

After a few days Bhai Gurdas breathed his last. The dead body of Bhai Gurdas was carried by Guru Hargobind, Baba Bhana, Bhai Jetha and Bhai Bidhi Chand.

Thousands of people attended the funeral procession.

Guru Hargobind himself lit the pyre.

After performing the last rites, He asked his Sikhs to recite hymns from the holy Granth.

On the day of the ending of ceremony a large number of people gathered to pay homage to the departed soul.

Guru Hargobind addressed the congregation and enlightened them about the life and works of Bhai Gurdas.

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