When the Guru was of six years old then his father Mehta Kalu got him admitted in the village school, whose incharge was Pandit Gopal Dass. Pandit was a scholar of Punjabi, Hindi and Sanskrit. The Guru showed keen interest in his studies and quickly learnt everything that the Pandit could teach him. The Pandit was wonder struck to see the supernatural brain of his student.
One day Guru was absorbed in writing the both sides of his wooden writing board. When Pandit read the writings, the verses were written to match the letters of the Punjabi alphabet. Each alphabet was followed by a verse and each verse conveyed a Divine message for the teacher.
The verses, called the patti in the Raag Asa, is as follows:
Raag Asa, Mahala 1, Ang. 432 SGGS
Raag Aasaa, First Mehl, Patee Likhee ~ The Poem Of The Alphabet:
One Universal Creator God. By The Grace Of The True Guru:
Sassa: He who created the world, is the One Lord and Master of all.
Those whose consciousness remains committed to His Service - blessed is their birth and their coming into the world. ||1||
O mind, why forget Him? You foolish mind!
When your account is adjusted, O brother, only then shall you be judged wise. ||1||Pause||
Eevree: The Primal Lord is the Giver; He alone is True.
No accounting is due from the Gurmukh who understands the Lord through these letters. ||2||
Ooraa: Sing the Praises of the One whose limit cannot be found.
Those who perform service and practice truth, obtain the fruits of their rewards. ||3||
Nganga: One who understands spiritual wisdom becomes a Pandit, a religious scholar.
One who recognizes the One Lord among all beings does not talk of ego. ||4||
Kakka: When the hair grows grey, then it shines without shampoo.
The hunters of the King of Death come, and bind him in the chains of Maya. ||5||
Khakha: The Creator is the King of the world; He enslaves by giving nourishment.
By His Binding, all the world is bound; no other Command prevails. ||6||
Gagga: One who renounces the singing of the songs of the Lord of the Universe, becomes arrogant in his speech.
One who has shaped the pots, and made the world the kiln, decides when to put them in it. ||7||
Ghagha: The servant who performs service, remains attached to the Word of the Guru's Shabad.
One who recognizes bad and good as one and the same - in this way he is absorbed into the Lord and Master. ||8||
Chacha: He created the four Vedas, the four sources of creation, and the four ages - through each and every age, He Himself has been the Yogi, the enjoyer, the Pandit and the scholar. ||9||
Chhachha: Ignorance exists within everyone; doubt is Your doing, O Lord.
Having created doubt, You Yourself cause them to wander in delusion; those whom You bless with Your Mercy meet with the Guru. ||10||
Jajja: That humble being who begs for wisdom has wandered begging through 8.4 million incarnations.
The One Lord takes away, and the One Lord gives; I have not heard of any other. ||11||
Jhajha: O mortal being, why are you dying of anxiety? Whatever the Lord is to give, He shall keep on giving.
He gives, and gives, and watches over us; according to the Orders which He issues, His beings receive nourishment. ||12||
Nyanya: When the Lord bestows His Glance of Grace, then I do not behold any other.
The One Lord is totally pervading everywhere; the One Lord abides within the mind. ||13||
Taynka: Why do you practice hypocrisy, O mortal? In a moment, in an instant, you shall have to get up and depart.
Don't lose your life in the gamble - hurry to the Lord's Sanctuary. ||14||
T'hat'ha: Peace pervades within those who link their consciousness to the Lord's Lotus Feet.
Those humble beings, whose consciousness is so linked, are saved; by Your Grace, they obtain peace. ||15||
Dadda: Why do you make such ostentatious shows, O mortal? Whatever exists, shall all pass away.
So serve Him, who is contained and pervading among everyone, and you shall obtain peace. ||16||
Dhadha: He Himself establishes and disestablishes; as it pleases His Will, so does He act.
Having created the creation, He watches over it; He issues His Commands, and emancipates those, upon whom He casts His Glance of Grace. ||17||
Nanna: One whose heart is filled with the Lord, sings His Glorious Praises.
One whom the Creator Lord unites with Himself, is not consigned to reincarnation. ||18||
Taynka: The terrible world-ocean is so very deep; its limits cannot be found.
I do not have a boat, or even a raft; I am drowning - save me, O Savior King! ||19||
T'hat'ha: In all places and interspaces, He is; everything which exists, is by His doing.
What is doubt? What is called Maya? Whatever pleases Him is good. ||20||
Dadda: Do not blame anyone else; blame instead your own actions.
Whatever I did, for that I have suffered; I do not blame anyone else. ||21||
Dhadha: His power established and upholds the earth; the Lord has imparted His color to everything.
His gifts are received by everyone; all act according to His Command. ||22||
Nanna: The Husband Lord enjoys eternal pleasures, but He is not seen or understood.
I am called the happy soul-bride, O sister, but my Husband Lord has never met me. ||23||
Pappa: The Supreme King, the Transcendent Lord, created the world, and watches over it.
He sees and understands, and knows everything; inwardly and outwardly, he is fully pervading. ||24||
Faffa: The whole world is caught in the noose of Death, and all are bound by its chains.
By Guru's Grace, they alone are saved, who hurry to enter the Lord's Sanctuary. ||25||
Babba: He set out to play the game, on the chess-board of the four ages.
He made all beings and creatures his chessmen, and He Himself threw the dice. ||26||
Bhabha: Those who search, find the fruits of their rewards; by Guru's Grace, they live in the Fear of God.
The self-willed manmukhs wander around, and they do not remember the Lord; the fools are consigned to the cycle of 8.4 million incarnations. ||27||
Mamma: In emotional attachment, he dies; he only thinks of the Lord, the Love of Nectar, when he dies.
As long as the body is alive, he reads other things, and forgets the letter 'm', which stands for marnaa - death. ||28||
Yaya: He is never reincarnated again, if he recognizes the True Lord.
The Gurmukh speaks, the Gurmukh understands, and the Gurmukh knows only the One Lord. ||29||
Rarra: The Lord is contained among all; He created all beings.
Having created His beings, He has put them all to work; they alone remember the Naam, upon whom He bestows His Grace. ||30||
Lalla: He has assigned people to their tasks, and made the love of Maya seem sweet to them.
We eat and drink; we should endure equally whatever occurs, by His Will, by His Command. ||31||
Wawa: The all-pervading Transcendent Lord beholds the world; He created the form it wears.
He beholds, tastes, and knows everything; He is pervading and permeating inwardly and outwardly. ||32||
Rarra: Why do you quarrel, O mortal? Meditate on the Imperishable Lord, and be absorbed into the True One. Become a sacrifice to Him. ||33||
Haha: There is no other Giver than Him; having created the creatures, He gives them nourishment.
Meditate on the Lord's Name, be absorbed into the Lord's Name, and night and day, reap the Profit of the Lord's Name. ||34||
Airaa: He Himself created the world; whatever He has to do, He continues to do.
He acts, and causes others to act, and He knows everything; so says Nanak, the poet. ||35||1||
Guru Nanak appears to have continued to attend the school for some time. One day he was observed to remain silent, and not apply himself to his books. The Pandit asked him why he was not reading. Nanak inquired, 'Art thou sufficiently learned to teach me?' The Pandit replied that he had read everything. He knew the Veds and Shastars and he had learned to cast up accounts, post ledgers and daybooks, and strike balances. Upon this Nanak said, 'To your accomplishments I prefer the study of divine knowledge'.
He then composed the following hymn:
Sri Raag, Mahala 1, p.16 SGGS:
Burn emotional attachment, and grind it into ink. Transform your intelligence into the purest of paper.
Make the love of the Lord your pen, and let your consciousness be the scribe. Then, seek the Guru's Instructions, and record these deliberations.
Write the Praises of the Naam, the Name of the Lord; write over and over again that He has no end or limitation. ||1||
O Baba, write such an account, that when it is asked for, it will bring the Mark of Truth. ||1||Pause||
There, where greatness, eternal peace and everlasting joy are bestowed, the faces of those whose minds are attuned to the True Name are anointed with the Mark of Grace.
If one receives God's Grace, then such honors are received, and not by mere words. ||2||
Some come, and some arise and depart. They give themselves lofty names.
Some are born beggars, and some hold vast courts.
Going to the world hereafter, everyone shall realize that without the Name, it is all useless. ||3||
I am terrified by the Fear of You, God. Bothered and bewildered, my body is wasting away.
Those who are known as sultans and emperors shall be reduced to dust in the end.
O Nanak, arising and departing, all false attachments are cut away. ||4||6||
When Pandit read the complete hymn, he became astonished, paid Nanak homage as a perfect saint and told him to do what he pleased. He bowed before his student with folded hands and said, 'First I was your teacher and you was my pupil, now I am your pupil and you are my Guru.'
When the Guru became proficient in Punjabi, Hindi and Sanskrit then He was got admitted in the Maktab maintained by Maulvi Qutab-ud-Din. In those days the official language of the Government was Persian.
Guru Nanak was happily attended the school and within a year became master of Persian and Arabic. Maulvi Qutub-ud-Din was astonished by his native endowment.
One day Guru Nanak said, 'Maulvi ji if Allah is one why there are so many religions.' The Maulvi always tried to answer according to his intellect, but the Guru was never satisfied. Realizing it Guru would himself elaborate, the true answer. He would say,
'When God is one, and He is creator of all living beings, so He is father of all men and women. It means we are all brothers and sisters. If we all belong to one brotherhood then why are we killing each other on the name of religion? God is everywhere. He is Omnipotent. First God created Himself and Himself created His Name, Secondly, He created nature and seating Himself in it. He is beholding it with delight. He gives us life and according to His will takes it back. He Himself is illuminating in all the creations. His Omnipotent power always remains uniform in the whole universe.'
He used to explain Maulvi of his teaching of Persian and the daily use of the language. He would remark, 'You are teaching us Persian so that we may get a Government job. But what is the use of that teaching which converts man into dolls. We forget God and are bounded to be engrossed into the worldly affairs.
But instead of worshipping God, we bow before kings and other foolish rulers. We forget that whatever we see and hear in this world, is created by might of the God. All these teachings and studies are worthless. He is best scholar who learns the Divine Knowledge. This Divine Knowledge helps us to learn the method of how to swim the worldly ocean. So Maulvi ji, if you know this Divine Knowledge, then teach it to us, so that we may snap the worldly bonds and live a pious life.'
The Maulvi always heard the preaching of the Guru with great interest. One day he said, 'My dear Nanak! I was your teacher, teaching you worldly knowledge but now you have taught me, knowledge beyond of this world, now you are my Teacher and I am your student.'